Incredible India now builds monster replicas ….

“India has once again exhibited its capability to the world […] .For many years after Independence we did not do anything which could attract foreign tourists. We repeatedly spoke of things our ancestors had created, like the Taj Mahal and Sun Temple of Konark
– PM Narendra Modi

So we put up a giant REPLICA to ” attract ” foreign tourists – what an idea sir ji!!
Doesn’t the whole thing sound preposterous – constructing a towering REPLICA in the middle of nowhere after acquisition of lands from the tribals who have been cultivating in those lands for generations and all this talk about good governance (!!) and AGRICULTURE (!!!!!) to top it all? Currently, out of the 72 villages affected because of the Statue of Unity project, 32 villages have been severely affected with rehabilitation allegedly not completed or even initiated yet.
Now, the Gujarat government is looking to connect Sardarji by air and train to major cities of the State. Let’s see how many crores those projects run into…Finally, I guess Nitin Patel opened his eyes and realized that he was standing in the middle of a region with very limited connectivity to the outside world and talking about tourists flocking …. What a joke!

National Film(y) Awards 2018


The 65th National Film Awards winners were notified by Chaitanya Prasad,  Additional Director General, (Directorate of Film Festival)  on the day of rehearsal about the new protocol in the National Film Awards ceremony. Accordingly, only 11 of the 137 recipients were chosen for the honor of receiving the award from the President himself during the second phase of the awards ceremony . The Information and Broadcasting Minister, Smriti Irani and Minister of State Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore were to distribute the awards during the first phase of the ceremony .

After sitting through the rehearsal and waiting for Boney Kapoor and his daughters to leave the venue, the miffed awardees had questioned about notifying at the 11th hour about these changes in the schedule to one of the award ceremonies that had followed a strict protocol all through the last 64 years. Also the email to each of them from the I & B ministry had stated clearly that the President would be giving away the awards. Ms. Irani who came to the Vigyan Bhavan to pacify tempers told that the arrangements were “to make the best use of the President’s time” .But, she had no answers for any of their questions –

If the office of the President had communicated about the President not being able to spare enough time for the award ceremony why was the award ceremony not scheduled on another day accordingly?

Why would the awardees not informed earlier that they would not be taking away the award from the President?

Why were the invites specifying the President’s name if he was not giving away the awards?

The awardees sent out a letter to Prasad , President’s Office and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting citing their distress at the developments.

An excerpt from their letter—–

“It is only a day before the ceremony that we have learnt through Chaitanya Prasad that a large segment of the Awards will not be presented by the President of India. It feels like a breach of trust when an institution/ceremony that abides by extreme protocol fails to inform us of such vital aspect of the ceremony with a prior notice. It seems that 65 years of tradition are being overturned in a jiffy”

We request that the dignity and eminence of this award is maintained and that there is no display of hierarchy at the event. [..]We are left with no choice but to express our disappointment and convey to you that, at the end of the day, we feel dejected rather than honored for our work. In the circumstance of not receiving a response for our grievance, we are left with no option but to be absent for the ceremony. We do not intend to boycott the award, but not attending the ceremony to convey our discontent and are awaiting a more just solution”.


THE CEREMONY – What actually happened?

Around 55 awardees were absent from the ceremony and one third of the expected attendance for the ceremony was missing in the venue because the Ministry did not bother replying to their letter. The President gave away the awards for the select categories which had been designated for him .

“Nowhere are we insulting the jury’s decision. We have all accepted the awards. We were deliberately absent because the promise made to us was not honored. All the invitations and advertisements had mentioned that the award will be given by the President. Suddenly, that decision changed and it hurt my self-respect.”

Atanu Ghosh, Director (Mayurakshi)

“It’s an important award and will remain an important one. But it’s not a political award. People from even the small industries sometimes sell their properties to make an award-winning film. They come to receive the award from the President of India.

-Prosenjit Chatterjee (starred in Mayurakshi)


“Our protest is not against who is getting the award from the President. Everybody should be given by the President or the ministers. Discrimination is very humiliating. It’s like artistes have been categorized into A and B.

– Praveen Morchhale (Director, Walking with the Wind*)


“We all represent different parts of the country and it is an honor that we receive (our awards) at the hands of the President. They are not called the President’s National Awards for no reason. If not the President, then at least the Vice President should give away the remaining awards, not the ministers.

-N R Nanjunde Gowda to PTI

The Office of the President “expressed surprise” at the “11th hour questions” citing the protocol of “maximum-of-one-hour-for-all-award-functions-and-convocations” ever since the current President assumed office.

“President attends all award functions and convocations for a maximum of one hour. This has been the protocol since he took office. It was conveyed to the Information and Broadcasting Ministry several weeks ago and the Ministry knew this all along. Rashtrapathi Bhavan is surprised by the 11th hour questions that have been raised”

-Ashok Malik, Press Secretary to the President

I am very amused at the reason cited by Mr. Malik. How can he cite “maximum-of-one-hour-for-all-award-functions-and-convocations protocol” for National Film Awards which was touted as the ‘President’s Awards’? Does the office not consider the established protocols for award ceremonies and other occasions where the President is expected to grace the occasion before applying their new “protocol?”

Secondly, as pointed out repeatedly, what is really irksome for anybody who has followed the National Film Awards drama is the preferential treatment meted out to a section of the awardees. Take a look at the people or categories handpicked for the Presidential honors. Even the order in which the awardees were felicitated is an indicator to the hierarchy system followed at the awards ceremony .

Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Vinod Khanna (posthumous)

Best Actress: Sridevi, Mom (posthumous)

Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration: Dhappa (Marathi)

Best Book on Cinema: Matamgi Manipur – The First Manipuri Feature Film (English)

Best Direction: Nagraj Manjule, Pavasacha Nibhandha (Best Debut Non-Feature Film )

Best Jasari film: Sinjar

Best Male Playback Singer: KJ Yesudas, “Poy Maranja Kalam” Viswasapoorvam Mansoor (Malayalam)

Best Music Direction (Songs) + Best Music Direction (Background score) [Mom]:

 AR Rahman, Kaatru Veliyidai (Tamil)

Best Actor: Riddhi Sen, Nagarkirtan (Bengali)

Best Direction: Jayaraj, Bhayanakam (Malayalam)

Best Feature Film: Village Rockstars (Assamese) + Best Editing: Village Rockstars

If the Best Actor, Best Actress can make it to the list why not the Best Supporting Actor and the Best Supporting Actress?

If the Best Male Singer can make it to the elite list why not the Best Female Singer?

Certain categories like the Screenplay and Production did not have a single representative. Resul Pookutty’s comments are fully justified when the Ministry chooses to overlook the off-screen (both technical and non-technical categories) team. Atleast Resul’s Oscar made the Technical team’s voice to be heard but we don’t have any other Oscars or awards from the non-technical categories like the Screenplay and Production to actually hear out artistes from those categories.

I would have loved if the Best Child Artist awardee Bhanita Das (Village Rockstars – Assamese) had also picked up the award from the President. With several of the winners absent, a couple of star kids finally hogged the spotlight for the silliest reasons ever in the history of National Film Awards when media have no other option but to capture several shots of them . The Honorable President and the Ministers too obliged the family with a few photos with them. The father of the star kids too was clueless about an event of this scale when he callously remarks “I don’t understand what the fuss is about”. Considering that the man is from the film industry, I guess that leaves us with knowing how much to expect from the family.

But there is hope – the 19 year old Riddhi Sen, probably the youngest winner in the Best Actor category who is yet another star kid in every sense summed it up perfectly

“The relevance of the awards lies in the people who make the decisions. [..] With due respect to the President and Smriti Irani , the jury comprises the most notable filmmakers, critics and writers who watch these films. They are the people who actually decide on the awards, who give away the honor to the artistes. So, I think the value of the National Award remains. The decision is taken by the jury and not the President and Mrs. Irani. After five years from now, people will remember the National Awards. It won’t be remembered by who is handing them over”.

People will remember the 65th National Film Awards for one of the most pathetic reasons in the history of the awards – the Government has shown to whom it will accord its respect . The off-screen teams who had been slogging at their thankless jobs with dreams that even their work will garner the attention and respect it deserves have been disappointed time and again by the fans . This time, the ceremony which has been known to throw some light on the off-screen teams’ work also gave precedence to noted names which is extremely unfortunate . It’s not the first time that awards has got embroiled in a controversy . Politics had played it’s hand previously but this is the first time the several of the winners too were left disheartened considering the treatment that has been meted out to them.

And that folks reduced the National Film Awards to something of a yet another film (y )awards show with drama taking the center-stage rather than talent.

P.S : Our press people had to content themselves with clicking away at two star kids during the major time of the ceremony. The good people made one of the star kids the trending topic. And the third day, with nothing better to write one of the newspapers comes up with this – “[You-know-who] looks stunning in this sari at the National Film Awards dinner party” . Our journalists ( specially the ones connected to some of the most-read and “reliable” newspapers ) need to work BIG TIME on their reporting if they are going to report every event like it’s a PAGE 3 event. Come on guys , get it right..

Although no film buff, I think the jury has done a commendable job with the selection as several regional films too have received their due .The full list here.

The Secret of Jaduguda

The Rare Metal Survey Unit  was commissioned by the Govt. of India to locate uranium deposits . The team decided to focus on the existing mineral belts in the country, specifically the copper/gold/silver mining regions for deposits of Uranium and “other geologically favorable belts in the sub-continent”.

In 1951, the team found the perfect location – Jadugoda, Singhbhum District, Jharkhand which would hold the distinction of being the first uranium mine in the country . There’s another side to Jadugoda ‘s uranium mining that the concerned authorities / Govt / Judiciary have paid no attention to  over decades and the rest of the country has not much idea about  zero idea about .

Jadugora / Jadugoda – The Beginning of the End ( 1967 – )

The local tribal population was a huge plus – the prospect of cheap labor and most importantly, the promises about acche din – steady jobs , schools for the children , good medical facilities and access to amenities and facilities was enough to get a mining project and an ore-processing plant up and running by 1967 managed by the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) , functioning under the Dept. of Atomic Energy (DAE)

The promise about jobs  was fulfilled ( no surprises there ) – almost every earning member of the majority of families was employed as open pit miners in the deepest operating mine in the country . The miners’ everyday consisted of spending hours in the mines handling the ore much like a construction site worker would handle building materials minus a quality protective gear. The work uniforms were not decontaminated within the mining premises and the local indigenous population  who had zero idea about the materials they were handling everyday got them washed in the nearby downstream river.

I haven’t still got into the really appalling details – the river which the locals had been using for domestic and irrigation purposes was not the radioactive waste dump which it has become following the mining activities the region. Let me elaborate on this point .

The ‘ tailing ponds ’ are meant to be the dumping sites for the highly radioactive wastes of the ore-processing plant –  the waste retains 85% of the radioactivity of the ore along with by -product heavy metals of the extraction process and chemical processing agents.  However, these tailing ponds had overflowed during the monsoons too often over the years . The radioactive waste had seeped through the ground resulting in groundwater contamination and the unchecked inflow of the untreated waste from the processing plant has resulted in the downstream river becoming yet another unofficial tailing pond. This ‘river’ runs through the super-radioactive course before joining the Subarnarekha . As of this year, stage-I and stage-II tailing ponds are full and stage-III pond is expected to fill up towards the end of this year. So , the site activities of the stage-IV tailing pond has been initiated with estimated cost  to be at 4240.47 lakhs as given by the Annual Report of UCIL (2016-2017) .

The concentration of Uranium is alarmingly high in the vicinity of the tailing ponds very understandably . One discovery that [independent] researchers haven’t been able to account for is the high concentration of cesium in the stage-I tailing pond which is a fission product and not a by-product of uranium ore processing . Cesium-137 which gives off beta and gamma radiations gets into the  food chain with accumulation in fish and animals . It is also known to contaminate the soil and adhere to the buildings . According to a study conducted by Hiroaki Koide from Kyoto  University Research Reactor Institute ( July 2002), the dosage of gamma radiation in the air is greater than 10 milliSevert/year while the permissible limit to exposure to gamma radiation is 1milliSevert/year . The contract lorries also dumped toxic wastes in local fields when the ponds are full , actions caught in photographs and on video taken by villagers and shown to the Center but nothing has  changed for the better .The Geiger counters are recording  super-high levels of radioactive emissions from the vicinity of the tailing ponds .The Geiger counters placed on the school walls are beeping furiously because every stone in the walls  is from the mining site .

The processed ore is transported is done in open trucks through the villages ( most often with a plastic sheet thrown over the precious cargo ) with laborers riding these trucks  barefooted in everyday clothes with dust and processed ore particles spilling along the  way to the Rakha mines railway station . From here , the semi-processed ore is  transported to Hyderabad for fuel fabrication for reactors .

The native tribal population has paid a heavy price over the decades due to the health hazards that plague them due to the sub-standard mining operations in the region . Lung and abdominal cancers , tuberculosis , congenital skeletal deformities , multiple miscarriages and sterility ( just to name a few) have become very common health hazards in the surrounding villages .  Gadekar , a nuclear physicist observes  a “phenomenon” – the absence of any silicosis cases but a huge number of reported  tuberculosis cases. According to him , the fact that the “tuberculosis” was prolonging forever was very suggestive that the miners did not suffer from tuberculosis but probably silicosis – a lung disease caused by the inhalation of crystalline silica dust, which is a major constituent of sand given that the miners worked in thick dust of sand and dust at the mines. He further draws attention to the negligent attitude of the UCIL in maintaining the mining standards – the rocks extracted during the mining  process are sometimes deposited at the roadside which are used by the locals in the construction of their houses .These rocks , Gadekar says , may have concentrated radon gas which poses the risk of cancer with exposure  over a prolonged time period .

What has been done till now ?

The judiciary too became a mute spectator even when the conditions at Jadugoda were brought to their notice and a three judge bench of the Supreme Court actually dismissed the Public Interest Litigation filed by legal activist B L Wadhera in 1999.The first hearing of the PIL was in November 2003. On April 15th, 2004 , the bench which included the Chief Justice of India dismissed the PIL on the grounds that they “did not find any merit in the petition”.

After 10 years, it took a newspaper report by a photojournalist whose pictures  were finally able to convince the courts about the severity of the issue . The Hindustan Times ran an article titled Jadugoda: The Nuclear Graveyard on 23rd Feb 2014 ( Ranchi Edition ) by Chinky Shukhla whose black and white pictures finally revealed the ugly side of the whole thing that has been dubbed  as ” India’s best kept secret ” for the rest of India .

The State High Court  stepped in finally in the light of all the facts reported and most importantly , the photographic evidence of the pathetic conditions in the region . The court strongly put it down that

“[…]  news item about the disastrous effect of Uranium Mining Operation photographically under the caption  “ Jadugora: The Nuclear Graveyard” making the most cherished provision of the Indian Constitution “Right to Life and Personal Liberty” as enshrined in Article 21 to the Constitution of India lifeless and inactive in this context “.

The  UCIL and the DAE (primarily) were asked to clarify on several counts :

Safety measures and standards adopted in respect of the workmen working in the Uranium mining operation in Jadugora mine , Bhatin Mine, Turamdih Mine, Bagjata Mine, Narwapahar Mine, Banduhurang Mine, Mohuldih Mine in the District of East Singhbhum and Seraikela Kharsawan and also the villagers and the common people living in the area.

The measures taken to prevent the effect of nuclear radiation emanating out of the
mining operation , transportation and disposal of the radioactive waste in the health of the people at large and environment surrounding the area .

Steps taken for safe  disposal of radioactive waste .

Safety measures taken in ensuring the safety and health of the workers and people living in the vicinity for protecting them from the nuclear radiation of Uranium

In addition the  court  sought clarifications from the State and the  Department of Health, Medical Education & Family Welfare on the following points:

  • The establishment of hospitals in providing health care to the people in and
    around Jadugora Uranium Mine and all other surrounding places .
  • The measures taken to create awareness amongst the locals about the prevention and treating the bad effects of the radiation and other chemicals on health and environment .

The Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board was asked to consolidate a response addressing on all the above mentioned points .

The court directed UCIL to form a team to investigate the effects of radiation during the mining operation and to file their survey report within 3 months . But there was no survey report on the table after 3 months and the matter was again heard in the court when Times Of India ran an article titled Leaking Jadugoda Mine Poses Radioactive risk:US Report . The court appointed  a four member committee with recommendations from the DAE . The members ‘ background who constituted the panel made the independent functioning  highly questionable which was very evident in the further proceedings in this case . The court placed great importance on the ‘ findings ‘  of an amicus curiae who had not visited the site even once and his recommendations  and noted that “the petition stands wrapped up”.

This is The Secret .

One of the committee members attributed the health hazards that people are facing in Jadugoda to ” economic backwardness, smoking habits and malnutrition ” . How callous can one get??

The mining activities came to halt following the expiry of the lease in September 2014  in Jadugora mine but the ore from the other mines are transported to Jadugora for ore – processing .

Latest developments :

Suspended Jadugoda uranium mine obtains forest department clearance

BJP MP Bidyut Baran Mahato *  today said Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL), which recently got approval from the Central Forest Department, will soon commence mining activities in Jadugora near here . Mahato, who had earlier held several rounds of meeting with top forest department officials and Union Environment Minister Anil Madhav Dave had recently met the forest officials. “The forest department after a meeting with forest advisory committee gave the nod last week,” Mahato said at a press conference. A lease for 50 years has also been granted to the oldest uranium mine, he said. Asked when the mining will start, Mahato said, the file related to lease renewal of Jadugora mine is with the Union Environment Minister who is likely to give his approval in the next few days. Mining activities had come to a standstill after the lease licence expired in September, 2014. (Business Standard Apr. 3, 2017)

*Bidyut Baran Mahato is the MP from Jamshedpur , Jharkhand

As of today :

The mining activities have still not commenced but people are still reeling under the aftermath of  effects of the colossal damage from uranium mining of last few decades . Perhaps , there ‘s no word to describe the cruelty of the whole saga that unfolded in Jadugoda .

You can check out Chinky Shukhla’s article in the link below

Jaduguda – The nuclear graveyard

You can check out the following You Tube video series on Jadugoda

Buddha weeps in Jadugoda, Part 1 of 6

This Earth Day , I thought that perhaps we can move away from standard ” Ways to Go Green ” posts and discuss about few environmental issue(s) / case(s) that have been under-reported time and again or issue(s) which are not eliciting enough response measures despite our being well aware of the risks the issue(s) pose.